Have you ever thought of the education of the female members of our society, about the education policies of the government for girls and women or their importance in our family? In most of the developing countries, women and girls are denied opportunities for education. In this post, I shall be discussing the importance and the top advantages of educating girls.
The UN’s programmes on Women’s Leadership and Participation in Political Activities promote education and training for all around development of women for they, in many countries across the globe, are denied access to political involvement. A few democratic countries and their constitutions allow both genders to receive education equally.
Napoleon once said that a nation’s progress is not possible without educated mothers. The major focus of the UN’s Goals for Sustainable Development is on the empowering and educating more and more girls and women. According to World Education, the key to socio-economic development of families, communities and even countries lies in the education of girls and women. Promoting girls’ education by the World Bank Group is another form of promoting gender equality.
Education Makes Women Self-Reliant
Rather, women education is something beyond the classroom and a few books in their hands. The effects are far-reaching. At a basic level, educating girls makes them learn the skills necessary for adapting to the changing world. By educating themselves they create different resources and thereby improve both their own lives and the socio-economic condition of their communities. They learn to make valuable decisions about their lives, feel safe and thereby make their families feel so.
Reduces Child Marriage and Fertility Rates
Developing or underdeveloped countries according to a report by the UN’s Population Fund has an increasing rate of child marriages. A girl educated for at least seven years in an underdeveloped region gets married by at least four years later at an average.
This participation of women in the education system, in addition, helps in reducing the fertility rates in their conjugal life. Women with at least secondary education are found to have an average of not more than three children.
UN’s Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking asserts that at a stage where women and girls are undereducated and poor, they become more vulnerable to trafficking. Today Human Trafficking is an Industry and by educating women this multimillion dollar industry can be stopped.
Lowers the Risk of HIV and AIDS Infection
The stats reflect that in most of the underdeveloped countries the rates of HIV and AIDS infection are significantly high and even increasing. According to the World Bank, this is due to the low rate of literacy and education among women and girls in developing and underdeveloped countries. Stats reveal that completion of an at least primary level of schooling can prevent a girl or woman form being infected.
Decreased Rates of Mother and Child Deaths
Underdeveloped countries chiefly in Africa as well as in Asia have a high rate of child death per year. The United Nations Girls’ Education Initiative states that educated mothers can significantly lower the rate of the child as well as maternal deaths. Girls, when educated, are more likely to marry later pushing back the age for having children. Past the age of 18, they manage to survive the potentially dangerous period of their first birth. The possibility of survival of the child of an educated mother is almost double.
On the contrary, domestic abuse is another and severe issue responsible for higher mortality rates of underaged women. Educated women do suffer less domestic abuse. Early marriage can be delayed by promoting female education in underdeveloped countries where women are considered nothing more than a household commodity.
Minimises Malnutrition among Children
Malnourishment among children in underdeveloped countries is a severe issue for which the illiteracy of women is responsible to a great extent. In most cases, these children can’t reach the age of five. While educated mothers are found conscious and protective. Vaccination against major diseases and proper food for their children are their priorities. Do fathers care a little about all these?
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Makes Women Protective and Conscious about Next Generation
Moreover, educated mothers are found more likely to send their children to school and make them carry on pursuing higher education. Moreover, it is found that the impact of women’s education is rather more than that of men on their children. The next generation gets an extra mileage with educated mothers.
Develops the Entire Community
Girls in most underdeveloped or developing countries do spend a lot more time in unpaid household works than boys of the same age group. In most cases, they are secluded from the public sphere and the situation worsens as they grow up. This isolation leads to depression and other mental as well as psychological issues. Opportunities to participate in the education system encourage women. This allows them to develop an identity of their own and above all become a part of the community by leading a social as well as professional life away from home.
Boosts The GDP
Educated women gain earning capabilities by which they can bring financial support for their families too. According to a study conducted by the UNESCO, a girl with primary education is found to get an increase at least by 20 percent in her wages later in her life.
Promoting Gender equality can also benefit a country by increasing the GDP (Gross Domestic Product). When both the boys and girls of a nation are offered equal access to education, a soar in the GDP of the Nation can be noticed by almost three percent, which is significant.
Promotes Better Environment
According to a project done by the United Nations, the world population is estimated to grow by 2.4 billion in a hundred years of which the majority will be contributed by the developing countries. Improved female education, according to the international institute for Applied Systems Analysis, might put a bar on the predicted growth rate of global population. Women education can be a trump card in saving the world from being overpopulated. It has to be faster.
Promotes Social Involvement and Reduces Terrorism
Education allows women to participate in public activities and increase their social involvement. Studies have shown that educated women are less interested in terrorist and military activities than educated men. Developing countries might consider on this side of the coin and promote female education to fight against terrorism and extremism.
Establishes Human Rights
A society is enriched when women in it are educated. Gender equality along with human rights becomes a priority as women achieve equality. Female involvement and leadership in Government increases result in a more equitable system of governance.
Initiatives Taken by the World Bank Group
A variety of ventures in support of female education have been initiated by the World Bank Group. Schemes include stipends and annual scholarships to encourage parents to send their girl children to school, one-time grant for girls and young women after completion of schooling, Boards have introduced programmes for skills development and gender inclusive teaching and learning process and so on. The agenda includes building a safer environment for girls’ education by recruiting and training more female teachers and setting up gender-inclusive schools.
Other items required to enable girls to continue and complete schooling such as books, uniforms, school bags are being provided by the Governments (to promote and support girls’ education) at large.
Millions of girl children in underdeveloped countries like Ghana and Nigeria have started to reap the fruits of their Governments’ efforts to educate girls under several schemes and projects.
While concluding I must quote “The petty done, the undone vast” from “The Last Ride Together” by Robert Browning referring, what is done is very small in comparison with what remains to be done.
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