In my previous post, I tried to through light on the basic types of sentences that are commonly used. This was for people who speak English as a second language. They commonly face problems regarding sentence construction and consequently, they are unable to express their thoughts in English.
In this post, I’ve tried to explain the remaining types of sentences that will help you to have a basic idea if you are one of them.
To get over your difficulties to express your thoughts you need a lot of reading, listening and writing practices in English. The more you do this the more you’ll find yourself confident to express yourself in English.
Most of the learners learning English as a second language do suffer a lot from a lack of expression. So better late than never, begin when you realise your problem and depending on your effort someday, in fact, one day you’ll achieve your goal. You’ll never achieve if you don’t begin it. So chalk out your plan, make a strategy and startup. There are enough discussions that I’ve made in my previous posts about how to plan or build up an effective strategy to learn English with ease, with the simplest possible ways that you already have with you. The links to the relevant posts will be attached below.
Please read this post as a continuation of the first part of the post named “Basic Types of Sentences in English Grammar”.
One of the remaining two types of sentences is
4. Optative Sentences
Sometimes we express our desires to do something. We wish things to happen. It could be well-wishing, prayer, hope, curse etc. So whenever a desire, a wish, a hope, a prayer or a curse is expressed in a sentence it’s categorised as an optative sentence.
Often this is categorized as the optative mood or as a part of the subjunctive mood which is used to express a wish.
May you succeed in your life.
May God pardon all your sins.
Long live our king.
Had I won a lottery.
Another form of optative sentences is the optative use of “let”. You might have come across sentences that begin with “Let there be……..”
Optative sentences can also be both affirmative and negative.
5. Exclamatory Sentences
How do you express your emotions? Exclamatory sentences are used to express our emotions like joy, sorrow, anger, disgust, excitement, wonder etc.
Exclamatory sentences can be constructed in three different ways
First, We all know that “Interjections” (one of the Parts of Speech) such as bravo! hurrah! alas! wow! are used to express emotions. An Exclamatory sentence is formed when these interjections are attaches to a sentence to express certain emotion ending with an exclamation mark (!).
Wow, that’s a great idea!
Bravo, you have played well!
Hurrah, we have defeated our enemy!
Secondly, what do you say when you greet your near and dear ones? You have noticed that these greetings do always end up with an exclamation mark (!). Yes, all these greetings are categorized as Exclamatory sentences. Greetings include
Happy birthday, my friend!
Goodbye, my dear!
Happy New Year!
The third and the last one is “excess of emotions”. Do you remember when you became overwhelmed by the beauty of a fower or a scenery? What did you say to express your feeling? “How beautiful the flower is!” right?
“What” and ”How” are the two Wh-words which are used to express an excess of emotions through an exclamatory sentence.
How big the bridge is!
How well the girl dances!
What a fool you are!
What a lovely puppy!
Apart from these three ways, there are exclamatory sentences that contain “so” and “such”.
I was so amazed to see you!
you’re such a good boy!
and so on
I must conclude by saying that you cannot express each and every one of your thoughts in words. But being civilized human beings we are privileged with the gift of speech. So, make it work.
Have a good time, Bye for now.
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